The Scramble For Africa
African Colonialism Part 1
Introduction Video “The Division of Africa Berlin 1885”
The Scramble for Africa (1880-1900) also known as the Race for Africa or Partition of Africa was a process of invasion, occupation, colonization and annexation of African territory by European powers during the New Imperialism period. But it wouldn’t have happened except for the particular economic, social, and military evolution Europe was going through.
As a result of the heightened tension between European states in the last quarter of the 19th century, the partitioning of Africa may be seen as a way for the Europeans to eliminate the threat of a Europe-wide war over Africa. The latter half of the 19th century saw the transition from the “informal” imperialism of control through military influence and economic dominance to that of direct rule. Attempts to mediate imperial competition, such as the Berlin Conference (1884 – 1885) among the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the French Third Republic and the German Empire, failed to establish definitively the competing powers’ claims. Dispute over Africa was one of the factors leading to the First World War.
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